( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Jehan Jawdat Faraj and *Dr. Ahmed Najim Manea


Background: antibiotic is any substance that has been produced by microorganisms to arrest the growth of other microorganisms in high dilution. Objectives: to estimate the proportion of knowledge, attitude appropriate belief and good behavior regarding antibiotic use and to find the association between these with participant’s socio-demographic characteristics and other study variables in primary health care centers. Design: descriptive cross- sectional study done from beginning of May 2017 to end of July 2017 collected 2 days per week, 4 hours/day during the period of study, convenient sampling (429 participants) were participated, the questionnaires were filled by distributing the paper of questionnaires among visitors in primary health care centers (P.H.C.C) and ask them to fill it, after take the verbal consent, p-value of ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: from 429 participants (48,8%) presented with age between 18-27years, (57.3%) of them were female, (86.6%) came from urban area, (36.6%) of them were employed, (67.5%) of them were married, (39.8%) were with secondary education. (58.7%) have no relative with health job, (64.8%) presented with no visit to (P.H.C.C) during the last year, (54,5%) had appropriate knowledge, (45.5%) poor knowledge, (26,61%) had appropriate attitude, (73,4%) poor attitude, (43,9%) had poor practice and (56,1%) had appropriate practice about antibiotic use. Conclusion: This study has been found approximately half of the participants have appropriate knowledge and two thirds of them have poor attitude while approximately half of them have appropriate practice. There was significant association between knowledge and sociodemographic characteristic; there is association between attitude and residence, occupation and educational level but not with age, gender and marital status. Also there is association between behavior and age, residence, occupation and educational level but not with gender and marital status. There was strong association between knowledge and practice with other study variables, and there was association between attitude and presence of relative with health job, but not with number visits to the clinic in the last months.

Keywords: There was significant association between attitude and presence of relative with health job, but not with number visits to the clinic in the last months.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 December 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    DECEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 December 2021.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )