PREVALENCE OF MICROALBUMINURIA AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS AT BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, MAKURDI, NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA
Monday O. Ogiator*, Joy Ugwuanyi, Paul Asor, Ochoche O. Ijachi and Samuel Onogwu
Microalbuminuria is an early marker of overt nephropathy and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetic patients. Owing to the above, monitoring microalbuminuria in diabetes is important to prevent or delay overt nephropathy and cardiovascular events which is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria and associated risk factors among Type 2 diabetic patients seen at Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi. Methods: One hundred and four type 2 diabetic patients attending clinic at Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi were screened for microalbuminuria. Result: Thirty eight (36.5%) patients had microalbuminuria while 66 (63.5%) had microalbuminuria. The study also revealed that poor glycaemic control, hypertension and duration of diabetes mellitus is associated with microalbuminuria. Conclusion: The prevalence of 36.5% microalbuminuric Type 2 diabetic patients from our study indicates high predisposition to cardiovascular events and renal impairment in these patients. This calls for prevention and early intervention to stop or delay progression to renal damage and end stage renal failure.
Keywords: Microalbuminuria, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Prevalence.
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