EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

KOHL AN EYE COSMETIC PRODUCT: LEAD EXPOSURE AND RISK MANAGEMENT. REVIEW

Brahim Mojemmi*, Yassir El Alaoui, Badr Adouani, Rachid Nejjari, Mohammed O. B. Idrissi, M. Bouatia

ABSTRACT

Kohl (surma) is a traditional cosmetic product for the eyes applied using a wooden or plastic stick. It is a powdery substance, usually of a dark color. It is widely used by women in different region of the world (Asia and North Africa). Kohl is traditionally prepared at home or industrially under different names and a variety of packaging. The chemical composition of kohl is different to from one product to another, but the lead is the most element find in the form of galena (lead sulfide). multiple of analytical methods are used to measure the content of lead and other element in kohl such Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEP) and Raman spectroscopy. Many studies correlate lead poisoning with use of Kohl. To reduce the lead content in cosmetics the regulatory agencies in some countries have established prerogatives for the import and use of cosmetics based on lead. The aim of this article is to carry out a literature review on established studies to list the different types of kohl and their composition and analytical techniques used for the control, and also report the declared cases of kohl poisoning.

Keywords: Kohl, lead, poisoning, surma.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing