EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

SERUM PENTOSIDINE ASSAY AMONG DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PATIENTS IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA

*Orugbo V. P.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: AGEs have been implicated in the causation of chronic renal failure, long term dialysis-related amyloidosis and atherosclerosis. One of such is pentosidine on which there is a paucity of literature on its biomarker properties for nephropathy in sub-saharan Africa. This study aimed to assess serum Pentosidine levels in diabetic nephropathy. Method: A hospital based cross sectional study involving 80 DN cases being managed in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The controls were 80 non diabetic persons from the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The cases were selected using systematic sampling method and data collected using structured questionnaire after obtaining informed consent. They were sampled for plasma Pentosidine, Serum Creatinine, Serum Urea, Urinary Albumin and Creatinine. Urinary albumin-to- creatinine ratio and creatinine based glomerular filtration rate were calculated from the results. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22 and presented in form of tables, charts and graphs. Results: Of the total of 160 patients, 80 were DN cases and 80 were non diabetic controls. The study showed a significant difference between the mean levels of serum creatinine and urea, urinary creatinine and albumin, eGFR, and serum pentosidine levels between the cases and controls. The diagnostic accuracy of pentosidine assay in DN was 96.86% compared to 95.62% of UACR. Conclusion: Serum pentosidine assay was shown to have a high diagnostic accuracy in diagnosing diabetic nephropathy.

Keywords: Pentosidine, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate(Egfr), Diabetic Nephropathy.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing