( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Srinivasa B. and *Dr. Aruna Bhushan


Objectives: To evaluate the prescribing pattern of analgesics and to analyze the rational use of analgesics in orthopaedic post operative in-patient. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted from April to June 2019 in orthopaedic post operative in-patient department of tertiary care teaching hospital, BIMS, Belagavi. Prior permission from institutional ethical committee was taken. Detailed data of the inpatients including demographic, diagnosis, treatment and drug details was collected and entered in a proforma and expressed statistically. The prescribed drugs was assessed using National Model List of Essential Medicines(NLEM) 2015. The rationality of prescriptions was determined using the WHO indicators of drug utilization. Results: Out of 300 orthopaedic post operative in-patients, 192(64%) were males and 108(36%) were females. Patients of age group ≥51years were more prone for fractures. The common indication for operative procedures was road traffic accidents inflicted fractures. The average number of drugs per prescription was 6.28. The average no of analgesics per prescription was 1.13. In this study, 87.3% of patients had received single analgesic and tramadol (58.3%) was commonly prescribed drug. Majority of patients received parenteral preparation (86.6%). Antibiotics (32.7%) were most frequently prescribed concomitant drugs. All 338 analgesics used were from NLEM and 245(72.5%) analgesics were prescribed by generic name. Conclusions: Tramadol was the commonly prescribed analgesic. Most of the analgesics prescribed were rationally from NLEM and by generic name.

Keywords: Drug utilization, analgesics, orthopaedics, postoperative inpatients.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 September 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    SEPTEMBER issue has been successfully launched on 1 SEPTEMBER 2023.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database