ASSESSMENT THE MORTALITY AMONG CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT IN BAGHDAD /IRAQ
Dr. SHIHAB DREWILL ABDULRIDHA*
Background: Child mortality indices are principal indicators of population health and wellbeing. Therefore, there are many indicators of child mortality which have been used to determine levels and trends of population health, including the neonatal and post neonatal, infant, child and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR). Aims: To identify and assess the factor which is affecting the child mortality could be the first step in planning to reduce the mortality and promoting the society health and life expectancy. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in the El-Ewiya teaching hospital for children/ Baghdad. Collection of data started from the 15 of December 2017 to 15 March 2018. The data collected from the patient record (file) and nursing chart, when they entered the hospital during the treatment course and after dead in the same hospital, also we use the questionnaire prepared for this purpose. Results: we found the highest percentage of samples 23(38.9%) still in the age groups less than one years old, the male cases were 33 (55.9%) more than female cases 26(44.1%). Most of them were suffering from pneumonia disease 23(38.9%) and 14(23.7%) from preterm delivery. Majority of cases were occur during winter season 36(61.1%). Conclusion: Children was dying from any diseases especially in the age less than one year old. As well, in this study the children had family history of dead.We need awareness programs about the disease and educate them about the ways and methods of infection & treatment in early stage.
Keywords: Mortality, Under 5, Pneumonia, Age, Assess.
[Full Text Article]