CANCER: A BLACK SPOT TO HUMAN RACE
Chamanpreet Kaur*, Sandeep Kumar, Satvir Singh and Harpreet Kaur
Cancer is a class of disease in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth, invading adjacent tissues and sometimes metastasis or spreading to other locations in the body via lymph or blood. Cancer is a disease characterized by a shift in the control mechanisms that governs cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. The word cancer came from a Greek words karkinos to describe carcinoma tumors by a physician Hippocrates (460-370 B.C), but he was not the first to discover this disease. Some of the earliest evidence of human bone cancer was found in mummies in ancient Egypt and in ancient manuscripts dates about 1600 B.C. The world’s oldest recorded case of breast cancer hails from ancient Egypt in 1500 BC and it was recorded that there was no treatment for the cancer, only palliative treatment. According to inscriptions, surface tumors were surgically removed in a similar manner as they are removed today.
Keywords: Cancer, metastasis, karkinos, treatment, physician.
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