( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Wedyan S. Almoshaddk and *Afaf M. Alshanqiti


Background: Several factors have been reported to influence the behavior of using non-prescribed medicines among adult females. Objectives: To provide an overview of the use of non-prescribed medications among adult female attending primary health care centers in two cities in Western Saudi Arabia (Jeddah and Makkah). Subjects and methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at two randomly selected primary health care centers belonging to Ministry of health, one in Jeddah city (Alzahra) and one in Makkah city (Alnaksah), Western Saudi Arabia. Adult female (aged over 18 year and below 60 years) who attended these two centers throughout the study period (October-November, 2015) constituted the target population for the study. A self-administered questionnaire was utilized. It consists of two parts. The first part contained questions on personal information of the respondents. The second part contained 4 questions on core issues of self-medication use such as names and sources of drugs used for self-medication, type of ailment treated through self-medication and factors influencing self-medication practices. Results: The study included 304 women More than half of them (55.3%) aged between 18 and 35 years. They were equally distributed between the two cities (Jeddah and Makkah). Most of the respondents 214 (70.4 %) were involved in self-medication practices. Majority of them obtained the non-prescribed drugs from private hospitals (86.9%) whereas 10.3% from friends/family members. Regarding reason of using drugs without prescription, 61.7% believed in their efficacy, 32.7% found their efficacy among friends and relatives whereas 16.8% avoided long waiting times at hospitals. Among those reported using of none-prescribed self-medication, alnalgesics (97.2%) and anti-pyretics (67.3%) were commonly used. Adult women aged over 45 years reported higher rate of using none-prescribed medication compared to younger women (p=0.009). Illiterate women used none-prescribed medications compared to those of higher education (p<0.001). Conclusion: Self-medication is an alarming sign for the women Saudi community. This behaviour can be prevented or minimized by increased awareness in our community regarding the misuse of drugs without prescription.

Keywords: non-prescription’ Self-medication, Women, Saudi Arabia.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 November 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    NOVEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2021.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )