( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Turki Y. Alzahrani, Abdulrahman H. Almutairi, Dakheal A. Alamri, Mari M. Alamri, Yousef S. Alalawi*


Background: Workplace violence is a concerning issue. Healthcare workers represent a significant portion of the victims, especially those who work in the emergency department. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence, identify the types, sources and reasons of violence that occur in public hospitals emergency room (ER) departments of Tabuk as well as to investigate its impacts on providing good health care services. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between June and October 2015 among health care professionals (physicians, nurses and paramedics) of all three public hospital ER departments of Tabuk city, Saudi Arabia (two belonging to Ministry of health and one belonging to military division). A predesigned Arabic validated self-administered questionnaire was utilized. Results: The study included 129 health care professionals. Their age ranged between 21 and 62 years with a mean±SD of 31.1±8.3 years. Almost two-thirds were males (64.3%) and married (66.7%). Nearly half of them were physicians (48.8%) whereas 34.1% were nurses. History of violence during working hours in ER was reported among the majority of health care professionals (90.7%). Workplace violence was more significantly reported among older healthcare professionals (>35years) (p=0.027), those working in Ministry of Health ED departments (p=0.044), physicians (96.8%) followed by nurses (90.9%) (p=0.004), those having longer experience in ER departments (p=0.015) and in KSA (p=0.015). More than half of violent insults (58.9%) took place during night shifts. In most of the cases (79%), violence was committed by hands or fists whereas, in 17.3% of the case, weapons or instruments were used. Insults were reported in only 38.5% of cases. The commonest reason of non-reporting as mentioned by healthcare professionals was the previous experience of reporting violence with no action was taken (65.3%). According to healthcare professionals` perspectives, the commonest reported reason for violence in the ER departments agreed upon by them were the absence of punishment (90.6%), followed by the shortage in the number of staffs (88.4%), overcrowding (87.6%) and lack of security (86.7%). The best solutions agreed upon by health care professionals to reduce ER workplace violence were encouragement and establishment of a system to report violent events (91.5%) and an establishment of punishment policy that is clear for both health workers and patient and their companions (91.5%). Conclusion: workplace violence is a significant problem facing a considerable proportion of healthcare professionals in emergency departments, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: victims, especially those who work in the emergency department.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 November 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    NOVEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )