EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CLINICAL PROFILE OF HYPERTENSION IN ELDERLY- IN A RURAL TEACHING INSTITUTE OF SUB-HIMALAYAN REGION

Abhimanyu Patial, Kailash Nath Sharma*, Dhiraj Kapoor, Varan Deep Dogra and Tarun Sharma

 

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hypertension causes over 7 million premature deaths per year and contributes to 4.5% of the total disease burden worldwide.[4] Notably, older adults account for the bulk of hypertension-related morbidity and mortality – due largely to dramatically greater prevalence among the elderly. Despite the well-documented pervasiveness of late-life hypertension among older adults, many challenges remain. In the phase of epidemiological transition, cardiovascular disease especially hypertension is emerging as a major health problem in elderly population. The present study was aimed to study profile of elderly hypertensive patients attending the outpatient department (OPD) of Dr RPGMC Kangra at Tanda. Results: 59% patients aged between 61-70 years followed by 34% patients in 71-80 years, and 6% patients in 81-90 years. Male to female ratio in our study was 1.08:1. Nineteen smokers had stage 2 hypertension. These 19 patients had fasting blood glucose >126 mg/dl and HbA1c >6.5%. 25% of the patients hypercholesterolemia, 22% patients had high triglycerides, and 25% patients had high LDL. USG (KUB) showed bilateral renal disease in 11% patients. Stroke was seen in 12% of the patients. Echo findings showed RWMA in 10% patients and LVH in 18% patients. 21% patients had hypertensive showed retinopathy. Conclusion: Hypertension is common in elderly population with no gender predilection. Smoking, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, overweight and alcohol consumption were found to be risk factors for stage 2 hypertension in elderly population. Elderly hypertensives were found to be prone to risk of complications such as stroke, LVH, retinopathy and nephropathy.

Keywords: Elderly, hypertension, complications.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )