PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION DISEASE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN
Taghreed Toma Fatoohee*
Background: Hypertension is the most common medical problem encountered in pregnancy and is a leading cause of perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Aims: to determine the percentage of hypertension in sample of pregnant women. And associated factors with hypertension. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted among women whose age was greater or equal to eighteen from March to September 2019. The sample size was 112. The questionnaire is adopted and modified from reviewing different literatures and scientific facts. Data were collected by face to face interview technique using structured and pretested questionnaire. Medical records were also reviewed for some clinical and laboratory results, including proteinuria and blood pressure measurement. Data was entered using epi-data manager and exported, cleaned and analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 21. Results: Higher rate of pregnant women with hypertension in the age groups (20-29) years (45.5%) and the lower rate of them (14.3%) in the age under 20 years old. Rate of pregnant women with abortion (84.8%) had a family history of hypertension. Pregnant women (21.2%) had a intermate education level, housewives. Therefore, (12.1%) of them were smoker and (75.6%) had a history of preferring to use the salt in the food. So, the higher rates of them (88.5%) had a good economic status. Conclusion: There are a significant association between smoking, income with the hypertension at the p> value < 0.001. Advice for women with chronic hypertension who wish to conceive and for women who have had a pregnancy complicated by hypertension.
Keywords: Pregnant, hypertension, age, rate, family history.
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