EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS

Anwar Mohammed Jasim*

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Anemia is one of the most common diseases affecting children in general. Aims: to identify the prevalence of anemia cases among children under 5 years old and, the factors are associated with anemia under 5 years. Method: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted among children aged under five years attending at primary health center from November 2018 to end of February 2019. Convenient random sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Pretested and structured questionnaires were used to collect socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of the family and child, feeding practice and other risk factors by interviewing mother/caregivers of the child. Data were entered in computer by using SPSS statistical software (statistic package of social scientific) version 14.01 to obtain frequency tables and cross tabulation with figures to illustrate the results and X(chi-squares) for analytic and with p value .0.05 has indicator for significant. Results: The highest frequency of anemic cases 24% still in the age groups 1 years, followed by 22% in the ages 2-3 years and the lowest frequency13% in the 4 years old. 22% of samples had a weight range from 0 to 9 kg, 54% of mothers had using the food for child eating, 77% of mothers had a normal delivery , 52% of mothers had not complication during the pregnancy stage . Highly significant relationship has been found between the mothers age groups and complication p=0.000. Conclusion: Higher rate of children with anemia still in the age 1 year old. Eating foods to child is common. Type of delivery were normal are common. Education to parents and health education to the community are also important strategies to reduce the burden of anaemia. Consumer education is also recommended to encourage the use of diversified diets including iron-rich foods and fruits that contain vitamin C that enhances iron absorption.

Keywords: Anemia, children, age, under 5, identify, delivery.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )