EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS AND OUTCOMES OF SEVERE HYDROTHORAX ASSOCIATED WITH COR TRIATRIATUM DEXTER AND CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTION

Rinor Bejiqi Ramush Bejiqi*, Ragip Retkoceri, Arlinda Maloku Aferdita Mustafa, Hana Bejiqi

 

ABSTRACT

Fetal hydrothorax (FH) or pleural effusion is a clinical entity, and refers to accumulation of fetal pleural fluid, which may presents a wide spectrum of severity ranging from small, harmless effusion, to life-threatening thoracic compression. The perinatal mortality associated with pleural effusion is at least 50%. Cardiac and extra-cardiac abnormalities may accompany the hydrothorax and their presence also affects the prognosis. Division of the right atrium, first reported in 1868, also known as cor triatriatum dexter, is extremely a rare congenitally abnormality, in which persistence of right valve of the embryonic systemic venous sinus divides the right atrium into two chambers. The embryonic valvar structures, whose significance during fetal life is to direct the richly oxygenated inferior caval venous blood across to the left atrium and thence to the aorta, normal regress in late fetal life and early childhood. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common human virus, member of herpes virus family, and the most common cause of intrauterine infection, occurring in 0.2 % to 2.2 % of life births. This report describes antenatal diagnosed a case of a divided right atrium, associated with severe form of hydrothorax and Cytomegalovirus infection. Here we present a fetus with sever bilateral hydrothorax associated with divided right atrium and cytomegalovirus infection.

Keywords: Fetal echocardiography, hydrothorax, congenital heart defects, Cytomegalovirus infection, fetal hydrops.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )