A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS AND ADVERSE DRUG REACTION IN PAEDIATRIC PATIENTS AND THE ASSESSMENT OF PARENTAL KNOWLEDGE ATTITTUDE AND PRACTICE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Said Ali*, Racheal Jacob and Cibi Simon
The prescribing pattern of beta-lactam antibiotics which is a prospective study based on paediatric department. Peadiatric patients prescribed with beta lactam antibiotics were included in the study and ADR if any were also noted. The aim of this study was to study the prescribing pattern of beta lactam antibiotics used in the paediatric inpatients and the assessment of adverse drug reaction and also assessing the parental knowledge attitude and practice and the impact of parental KAP before and after counselling. The data were collected and recorded in specially designed proforma. The knowledge attitude and practice of antibiotic usage in parents were assessed using a knowledge attitude and practice questionnaire. informed consent was obtained and information was provided through patient information sheet. A total of 146 paediatric patients who were prescribed beta lactam antibiotics were selected for the study. From our study it was observed that among those paediatric patients prescribed with beta-lactam antibiotics the age group 2-5 years (54.1%) were more than the other age groups. During our study among 146 beta lactam antibiotics prescribed in paediatric patients. The highest number of prescriptions were found to be diagnosed with respiratory tract infection (61%) and the most frequently prescribed beta lactam antibiotic was ceftizoxime (33.6%). The parental knowledge attitude and practice regarding antibiotic image in the children were assessed using a KAP questionnaire during their child’s hospital stay and scored and their score were compared two weeks later. After re administering them the same KAP questionnaire during their follow up visit. It was found out that the parental KAP improved after counselling.
[Full Text Article]