REVIEW OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS
*Shaik Irshad and Dr. Naga Subrahmanyam S.
Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), it is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Type-II Diabetes (ineffectiveness of insulin) is the most common when compared to the Type-I diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes (lack of insulin), About 420 million people worldwide have diabetes particularly in low and middle income countries, the prevalence of diabetes has been steadily increasing for past 3 decades. Recently the technology expanded to hybrid devices which can monitor glucose levels and deliver insulin if there is any abnormality present in the insulin. The idea of automated “closed loop” systems for pairing CGM (Continuous Glucose Monitoring) devices and insulin pumps are considered for diabetes management as a next level. Now a day’s Insulin in pumps are ready to use to overcome the Diabetes. Diagnostics have the potential to make diagnosis and treatment of diabetes simple and cost effective as well as patient friendly. Use of telemedicine and electronic medical records represents a significant advance in improving delivery of diabetes care and monitoring of its therapeutic outcomes. We summarize the technologies use for the management of diabetes and review focuses on continuous glucose monitoring devices, insulin pumps, and getting clinicians connected to technologies. The technology concerns, ongoing development and future trends in this area are also discuses.
Keywords: Diabetes technology, New Technologies, Continuous glucose monitoring, Insulin pump.
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