ULTRASONOGRAPHIC DIAGNOSIS OF THE HIP JOINT DYSPLASIA IN CHILDREN OF THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE
Salieva N. I.*
Early detection of the pathology of the hip joints in children is an important task of modern orthopedics. We conducted an ultrasound examination in 59 children from 2 months to 1 year of life. The study was conducted according to the method of R. Graf. The obtained ultrasound data are analysed. Depending on the changes in the elements of the hip joint, the studied children are divided into groups: children with mature hip joints, children with changes in the acetabular and femoral component (congenital dislocation of the thigh), children with changes in the acetabular and femoral components (congenital dislocation of the hip and rickets), children with changes in the femoral component (rickets). Ultrasonic changes are relatively studied. The role of ultrasound studies in the differential diagnosis of pathology of the hip joint in children is proved.
Keywords: Hip joint, ultrasound, dysplasia, rickets, children.
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