EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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Abstract

TRENDS IN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ENTEROHEMORRHAGIC ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTIONS IN KOREA AND JAPAN, 2008 TO 2017

Hyeong-Ae Bang Ph.D., Myeong-Jin Lee, Ph.D. and Won-Chang Lee, Ph.D.*

ABSTRACT

Background: Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are an important cause of gastroenteritis in Korea and Japan. We comparative study the epidemiologic aspects of EHEC infections in Korea (Republic of) and Japan by analyzing the current state from 2008 to 2017. Methods: We collected national surveillance data of EHEC infections reported in Korea and Japan from 2008 to 2017. The following factors were analyzed: cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of nationwide and habitat, epidemiologic aspects include the cases related gender, male to female morbidity ratio (MFMR), age, seasonality of EHEC infections. Results: In total, there were 790 cases of EHEC infections with a CIR of 0.16 per 100,000 populations in Korea from 2008 to 2017 in Korea, while there were a total of 39,371 cases of EHEC with a CIR of 3.13 during the same period in Japan. The CIR in Japan was higher than that in Korea (p<0.01). Moreover, both a CIR of EHEC in habitat of two countries were compared, the provinces were much higher than that in capital city. The affects of MFMR, both sexes differently, accounting for 1.05 and 0.82 in Korea and Japan, respectively. The distribution rate of EHEC infection cases by age group of under-9-years old was 50.0% in Korea than that of 32.9% in Japan (p<0.01). Additionally, the distribution of EHEC infections throughout the year revealed that outbreaks in spring (16.0% vs. 10.2% of total cases) was much more frequent in Korea than in Japan (p<0.01). However, EHEC outbreaks in autumn (21.0% vs. 28.6%) was much more frequent in Japan than in Korea (p<0.01). Conclusion: EHEC infections is an zoonosis and a serious concern to public health measures of prevention and control.

Keywords: EHEC infections, epidemic aspects, Korea, Japan.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )