EVALUATION OF LIPID PROFILE IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE ADMITTED TO CARDIAC CARE UNIT IN DIYALA PROVINCE
*Ass. Prof. Ahmed Methab Athab, Dr. Anwar Ibrahim Mohammed and Dr. Eisa Raad Jasim
Back ground: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) remains the first killer and common silent disease in the world. The lipid profile plays the essential role in CAD development via Atherogenesis process by depositing inside coronary arteries wall with lipid oxidation, which leads to artery narrowing then blockage. Disturbed lipid profile is one of the most important and potent risk factors in ischemic heart disease (IHD). Patients & Method: data taken from the 150 patients admitted to the C.C.U. of Baqubah teaching Hospital during a period between 1st September 2013 to the 15 of march 2014 were recorded lipid profile and analyzed then Comparison with data of others studies. Objective: This study was carried out to observe lipid profile in patients with ischemic heart disease. Results: Patientsâ€™ age range was 42-90 years. HT was present in 52% of patients.DM was present in 44%. The commonest isolated lipid abnormality was a reduced HDL(150 mg/dl) in 50% of patient, there is total cholesterol â‰¥ 200 mg/dL was present in (34%), LDL-cholesterol > 130 mg/dL was present in 23%. Conclusions: Lipid profile is very useful research tool to assess the effect of risk factors pertaining ischemic heart disease. Hyperlipidemia remains the strongest risk factor for CAD. Aggressive treatment of hyperlipidemia is of paramount importance to reduce the morbidity and mortality of cardiac events in patients with risk factors to reduce the morbidity and mortality of ischemic heart diseases.
Keywords: CAD, TG, IHD.
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