CONCEPT OF MAANAS PRAKRUTI IN VIEW OF PERSONALITY TRAITS
Dr. Pradnya R. Deshpande and Dr. Somya O. Singh*
Today's generation deals with a number of personality disorder grouped into 'Suspicious', 'Emotional', 'Impulsive' and 'Anxious' influencing day to day activities. All the personality traits resemble one of the five domains of personality. Quantitative difference in personalities such as Type A, Type B, Type C and Type D are also contributing major part of mental illness leading to alteration in the way of thinking, energetic aspects and sensitivity of emotions. Since specific pathogenesis of personality disorders is not known, some of the neurotransmitters, family history (genetics) and environment act as personality determinants and take part in pathogenesis. Ayurveda, the best known preventive as well as curative science thoroughly highlighted the personalities in terms of Maanas prakriti. For the purpose to determine the behavioral pattern of an individual according to Ayurveda, one has to know the concept of Mana (mind), related prakritis (Satvik, Rajas,Tamas) and influencing factors in detail. As Mana is nomenclated as Satva, empowerment of Satvikatwa can stabilize the mind and regress the incidence of Manovikara and personality disorders as well. The study reveals with the focus on Maanasprakritis according to Ayurveda, personality traits, personality disorders according to modern science and preventive aspect to maintain mental health.
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