MORE NEEDS SHE THE DIVINE THAN THE PHYSICIAN.'' WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE. MACBETH, 5.1 (81).
Dr. Valentine J. Belfiglio*
Ancient Roman physicians studied the anatomy and physiology of the female genital system. Women physicians were among them. They used observation, palpitation, primitive diagnostic tests and patient symptoms to diagnose female genital diseases. They employed medical and surgical procedures and drugs to treat these diseases. The Medici and Medicae also monitored normal and abnormal pregnancies. Excellent medical care saved many women and babies, which inter alia, led to a large Roman population that included quantitative and qualitative components. A large population facilitated the development of a large and effective military establishment.
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