EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ANALGESIC PRESCRIBING PATTERN IN AN OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN NORTH EAST NIGERIA

Onah Otor Paul* and Ahmed Abdulmalik

ABSTRACT

Background: Pain is a frequently encountered clinical condition and one of the common reasons for seeking medical care. It has the potential to negatively affect physical activities and quality of life. Relief from pain is an overwhelming need of patients irrespective of cause. Analgesics produce relief from pain and the appropriate choice of drug is often a challenge for clinicians. Chronic use of analgesics is known to cause their own medical problems, so prescription should be on the basis of severity and needs of patients. Aim: The study aim to determine analgesic prescribing pattern and to identify evidence of irrational use. Methods: Prescription records containing analgesic were obtained from the pharmacy department of the hospital and relevant data extracted for analysis. Results/Discussion: Paracetamol, Ibuprofen and Diclofenac were the most prescribed analgesics accounting for over three quarters of analgesics. The combination of Paracetamol with Codeine is widely prescribed with innovator brands being the most preferred choice of prescribers. The result of this study is comparable with other similar studies and the major reason for prescribing these drugs is their comparative safety profile. The prescription of two or more analgesics observed in this study is irrational, so also is the use of NSAIDs without co-prescription of gastroprotective drugs. Conclusion: There is concern about the prescription of opiates the practice of combining analgesics has no clear therapeutic benefit for patients. The use of NSAIDs without gastroprotective agents is not in tandem with current best practice recommendation.

Keywords: Analgesics, irrational use, Opiates, NSAIDs, Pain.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )