PERIODONTAL HEALTH STATUS AMONG URBAN AND RURAL ADULT POPULATION IN JAMMU CITY
*Dr. Sania, Dr. Pranav Gupta and Dr. Amit Kumar Khajuria
Introduction: Periodontal diseases are one of the major causes of tooth loss in India. The periodontal status of urban and rural adult population is scarcely available Jammu city. There was a constant need to evaluate the periodontal status of adults and analyze the comparison between urban and rural population. Material and Methodology: A population representative study was conducted from January 2018 to March 2018 among adults aged 20 – 49 years of rural and urban population. Estimated sample size of 550 subjects was calculated. Therefore 250 urban and 250 rural subjects were required for the present study. The survey was carried out using a self-designed questionnaire, to record the demographic data and information regarding oral hygiene practices. Periodontal health was assessed using WHO criteria which included Community periodontal index and Loss of Attachment assessment using CPITN probe. Socio economic status was evaluated by Prasad’s classification (1961) based on per capita monthly incomes. The data was analyzed using SPSS software. Chi square test was used to test the level of significance of differences among the groups with statistical significance level set at <0.05. Results: As compared to rural population, urban population had significantly higher proportion of subjects with maximum CPI scores of lower order (1 and 2) whereas significantly higher proportion of subjects in rural population had maximum CPI scores of higher order (3 and 4) (p<0.01). Significantly higher proportion of urban subjects had maximum LOA scores 0 as compared to that of rural subjects (p<0.01). The rural subjects had significant higher LOA scores when compared with urban subjects. Conclusion: It can be well appreciated from the results that rural populations were suffering from periodontal diseases as compared to urban populations. Therefore, to improve the periodontal health status of rural population of Jammu, it is suggested that a community-based approach can be designed with an initial curative care followed by a long term preventive care can be appropriate.
Keywords: Periodontal status, Prasad’s classification, CPI, LOA.
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