EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PERIODONTAL HEALTH STATUS AMONG URBAN AND RURAL ADULT POPULATION IN JAMMU CITY

*Dr. Sania, Dr. Pranav Gupta and Dr. Amit Kumar Khajuria

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Periodontal diseases are one of the major causes of tooth loss in India. The periodontal status of urban and rural adult population is scarcely available Jammu city. There was a constant need to evaluate the periodontal status of adults and analyze the comparison between urban and rural population. Material and Methodology: A population representative study was conducted from January 2018 to March 2018 among adults aged 20 – 49 years of rural and urban population. Estimated sample size of 550 subjects was calculated. Therefore 250 urban and 250 rural subjects were required for the present study. The survey was carried out using a self-designed questionnaire, to record the demographic data and information regarding oral hygiene practices. Periodontal health was assessed using WHO criteria which included Community periodontal index and Loss of Attachment assessment using CPITN probe. Socio economic status was evaluated by Prasad’s classification (1961) based on per capita monthly incomes. The data was analyzed using SPSS software. Chi square test was used to test the level of significance of differences among the groups with statistical significance level set at <0.05. Results: As compared to rural population, urban population had significantly higher proportion of subjects with maximum CPI scores of lower order (1 and 2) whereas significantly higher proportion of subjects in rural population had maximum CPI scores of higher order (3 and 4) (p<0.01). Significantly higher proportion of urban subjects had maximum LOA scores 0 as compared to that of rural subjects (p<0.01). The rural subjects had significant higher LOA scores when compared with urban subjects. Conclusion: It can be well appreciated from the results that rural populations were suffering from periodontal diseases as compared to urban populations. Therefore, to improve the periodontal health status of rural population of Jammu, it is suggested that a community-based approach can be designed with an initial curative care followed by a long term preventive care can be appropriate.

Keywords: Periodontal status, Prasad’s classification, CPI, LOA.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )