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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. R. Abinaya*, Dr. R. Vijaya Nirmala, Dr. R. Karolin Daisy Rani and Dr. M. D. Saravana Devi


Siddha system of medicine was a ancient traditional medical system which had its origin in South India especially in Tamil Nadu. Nearly 80% of World‟s population require medicines from the natural source to manage the health care demands. The medicinal sources obtained from the natural sources had a minimal adverse effect or without adverse effects in compared with the synthetic drug. The medicines obtained from siddha system of medicine possessed a potent effect in various pharmacological effects and these medicines were said to be safety due to lack or minimal adverse effect. The nature of detoxification of siddha formulation was due to the process of purification it requires various steps (Suthi) to make the drug from toxic form to detoxified form. This makes the Siddha system of medicine to standup heel high among various alternative system of this current modern World. The benchmark of this review paper compile the detail description of Gowri Chindhamani Chendooram (GCC) on the physico-chemical analysis, toxicological profile, anti cancer activity, anti microbial activity and clinical trail in OA Patients. The physico-chemical analysis showed the nature of Chindhamani Chendooram (GCC) like dark black colour and having with burnt smell of sulphur, better solubility, lusterless, nano particle nature of chendooram. The Quantitative analysis showed the presence of 2.16% gm of Mercury, 0.98%gm of Sulphur and 34.36%gm of borax. The Qualitative analysis showed the presence of sulphate, nitrate, chloride and sulphide radicals. The Acute toxicity study GCC at various concentration of dose levels did not showed any mortality or any adverse effects during the course of study. On Long term administration of GCC at the dose of 160 mg produced some changes in renal and hepatic damage. It showed the anticancer effect by increasing the concentration of the test drug, there was an increase in the cell growth inhibition. The inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the test drug value was found at the concentration of 31.2μg/ml as 48.21 μg/ml. The lowest cell viability in the concentration was found at 1000 μg/ml as 16.07 μg/ml. The samples of Gowri Chindhamani Chendooram (GCC) revealed the antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative organisms such as N. mucosa, K. pneumonia, P. aeruginosa. The siddha formulation showed much more beneficial effect in OA patients in clinical trail without causing any adverse effects to the patients. Thus this review compile the detail information of Gowri Chindhamani Chendooram (GCC) in various scientific research will pave many useful information regarding Gowri Chindhamani Chendooram (GCC) for siddha researchers, siddha physician, siddha students etc.

Keywords: Gowri Chindhamani Chendooram (GCC), Siddha, Chendooram, Metallic preparation, Physico-Chemical Analysis, Toxicological Profile, Anti Cancer Activity, Anti Microbial Activity, Osteoartritis.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia