EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ABUSE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUG METRONIDAZOLE IN DIARRHEA BY LAYMEN POPULATION OF KARACHI

Sana Sarfaraz*, Faqeeha Shakeel, Fatima Sajjad, Kanza Haider, Urooba Fatima, Sarah Ahmed Siddique

ABSTRACT

Background: The abuse of prescription drugs are increasing day by day because of lack of knowledge and lack of counseling. This is a significant social problem which has to be minimized by developing awareness regarding prescription drugs in different Medical communities and laymen and establishing community pharmacies. Objective: Metronidazole is the drug which is used in diarrhea, in our study we have focused on its abuse by layman and unawareness in Medical communities regarding it being a prescription drug. Methodology: A survey based study of N=200 laymen population including both male and female aged 18-55 were carried out. We also targeted N=100 Physicians and N=100 Retail drug sellers in order to observe prescription and dispensing pattern. Result and Discussion: From our results we found that 65% laymen self medicate in diarrhea and use combination of ORS and metronidazole which was prescribed by physician once in life. 86% physician where as 91% retail drug sellers consider it as over the counter (OTC) medicine. 57% laymen take metronidazole depending on number of stool passed regardless of frequency which should be followed. Conclusion: From our study we came to conclude that Metronidazole is being used as over the counter drug and laymen are using it to self medicate themselves in diarrhea which can lead to its resistance and adverse effects in them. Awareness needs to be created in medical communities and laymen regarding this issue.

Keywords: Prescription drugs, Over the counter drugs, community pharmacy , metronidazole, flagyl.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )