( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. V. Rajesh Babu and Dr. S. Rajagopal*


Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are a major health hazard in the recent years. Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms of reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm. The mortality rate in patient with Bronchial asthma and COPD is still rising and is being partly attributed to the adverse effects of its treatment. Hypophosphotaemia can worsen respiratory failure in severly ill asthma patients by impairing respiratory muscle performance. This study therefore intends to study the prevalence and severity of hypophosphatemia in COPD patients and also to evaluate the relationship between the type of medications taken for COPD and severity of hypophosphatemia. Methodology: This study was conducted in Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai as cross sectional study, our study included 75 male patients admitted to hospital with diagnosis of COPD. Patients with COPD as primary diagnosis and also if diagnosis of COPD was made during previous hospitalization or outpatient visits based on history of smoking, clinical and radiologic findings and pulmonary function tests suggestive of COPD were included in study, All patients underwent necessary biochemical investigations. All patients were included in study after getting informed consent. Study permission was received from institutional human ethics committee. Results: In our study group most of the patients were in 61-70 years age group. In our study group 80 percent of patients required two medications in our study group. 12 patients (16%) had hypophosphatemia. Among these patients 2 had mild hypophosphatemia with serum phosphate levels ranging from 2-2.4 mg/dl, 8 patients had moderate hypophosphatemia (1-1.9 mg/dl) and rest 2 patients had severe hypophophatemia with serum phosphate below 1 mg/dl. Next we analysed the related signs and symptoms of hypophosphatemia, Except Prednisolone in patients on other drugs there was significant relation between duration of intake and phosphate levels. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypophosphatemia was significantly higher among COPD patients taking one or more drugs commonly used for COPD due to negative renal phosphate handling. Hypophosphatemia impairs the contractile properties of the diaphragm and can even delay weaning from the ventilator and increase duration of intensive care and hospitalisation. Therefore, any acute deterioration of respiratory function in COPD patients warrants analysis of serum phosphate levels and judicious correction of depleted phosphate levels should be considered whenever necessary.

Keywords: COPD, Hypophosphatemia, Serum Phosphate.

[Full Text Article] [Download Certificate]


  All Since 2019
 Citation  3086  2560
 h-index  18  17
 i10-index  64  44



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 July 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    JULY 2024 issue has been successfully launched on JULY 2024.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia