EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CORRELATION BETWEEN SIMPLE FEBRILE SEIZURE AND IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN PEDIATRIC ICU

Dr. Altaf Ahmad Bhat, Dr. Farhana Mohmad, Dr. Anjum Shamim*, Dr. Rukaya Akther, Dr. Iqra Bhat and Dr. Sheikh Mushtaq

ABSTRACT

Background: Association between simple febrile seizure and iron deficiency anemia has been examined in multiple studies with different results. The authors tried to evaluate the association of iron status with febrile seizures. Aim: To study association between iron deficiency anemia and febrile seizures in children. Methods: In this case-control study done over a period of two years from july 2015 to july 2017 in PICU, G B Panth Children Hospital associated with Government College Srinagar, 80 cases and 80 controls were taken. The group A (study group) had all children with a diagnosis of febrile convulsion, aged between 6 months and 6 years, children with developmental delay, neurological deficit, or CNS infection were excluded from the study. The control group B consisted of febrile children without convulsion( controls) were matched to the cases by gender and age. Sample size was calculated by using SPS based on the alpha error 5%, beta error 10%, power of the study = 90%. Provided sample size n = 160, where n1 (cases) = 80 and n2 (controls) = 80. Discrete variables expressed as counts (%) and compared using the chi-square tests. Continuous variables are expressed as mean± S.D. and compared by means of the unpaired, two-sided t-test. Results: Mean age of patients and controls were 27±14 and 27±18 months respectively. Risk factors like prematurity, prior history of febrile convulsions and family history of convulsions showed statistical significance (p value being 0.001, 0.003 and 0.011) among cases. Serum ferritin levels in study group was found to be 55±42.5 microgm/L compared to 130±15 microgm/L of control group and it was the only haematological variable which was statistical significance (p-value 0.03). IDA was found in 40% of cases and 10% of controls (p value 0.002). A patient with febrile seizures was 2.5 times more likely to have IDA. Conclusions: The study found positive association between iron deficiency anemia and febrile seizures.

Keywords: Febrile, Iron deficiency anemia.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )