TO STUDY EFFECTS OF PROGRESSIVE RELAXATION EXERCISE VS MITCHELL RELAXATION TECHNIQUES ON MATERNITY BLUES
Dr. Subrat Samal* and Dr. Swapnil Ramteke
Aims and Objectives:-To study effects of Progressive Relaxation Exercise VS Mitchell Relaxation Techniques on Maternity Blues Sample size: 60 patients (30 in each group), Study Design: Randomized Control Trial Study setting: Dept.of obstetrics and gynaecology in career institution of medical sciences, Bhopal Sample and Sampling method: 30 patients were randomly selected and assigned in 2 groups, as Group 1(control group), Group 2 (Interventional group) in equal numbers The total subjects of 30 were included in the study the inclusion & exclusion criteria were Inclusion criteria: Age between of 18-39years,Females without clinical and systemic complication, females Without current or past history of depression or psychiatric treatment, females whose new born were not congenitally disfigured and had APGAR score higher than 7 in the 5 min. of life.Exclusion criteria: Females who had secondary complication of pregnancy, females whose pregnancy were classified as high risk pregnancy, females with known psychiatric disorder, females whose newborn were congenitally disfigured, Females whose newborn were born with congenital disorder. Result: The data showed that the mean JRT score were progressively Significant with increasing disease severity, i.e. pre test scores was 15.66± 3.575 and post test score was 7.10±2.073 cc/min. Statistically highly significant difference were observed between pre-post test JRT scores in Maternity blue patients [Mean difference: p<0.0001 and 95% Confidence interval] respectively.The data showed that the mean MRT pre test scores was 15.33±3.325 and post test score was 8.20±2.28. Statistically highly significant difference were observed between pre-post test in MRT scores in maternity blue patients [Mean difference: -p<0.0001 and 95% Confidence interval] respectively.Conclusion: In this study we found that both the technique Mitchell relaxation and Jacobson relaxation technique are effective in the management of maternity blues but Jacobson‟s relaxation was found to be more effective than Mitchell‟s relaxation technique. Result of this study suggest that a gradual improvement was seen throughout the session. The pre and post treatment score of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) showed significant improvement observed in the both groups but more improvement was observed in progressive relation technique(p=0.055). The present study rejects the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis i.e the progressive relaxation technique would be more effective than Mitchell relaxation technique in the management of maternity blue.
Keywords: Jacobson Relaxation Technique, Mitchell Relaxation Technique, Maternity Blues.
[Full Text Article]