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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Fouzia Bashir*


In Unani system of medicine there are four modes of treatment; ‘Ilaj bi’l Ghidha’ (dietotherapy), ‘Ilaj bi’l Dawa’ (pharmacotherapy), ‘Ilaj bi’l Tadbir (Regimenal therapy) and ‘Ilaj bi’l Yad (surgery). ‘Ilaj bi’l Tadbir (Regimenal therapy) includes a number of regimenal interventions such as Hijama (cupping), Ta‘līq al-‘Alaq (leeching), Fasd (venesection), Dalak (massage), Nutool (irrigation), Qay’ (Emesis), Idrar-i-Bāwl (Diuresis), Ta‘rīq (Diaphoresis), Munḍij and Mu'shil therapy (Concoction and purgation), Bukhoor (medicated steam), Kaiyy (cauterization), and Huqna (enema) etc. Among these regimens, Nutool (irrigation) is a popular mode of treatment in Unani medicine which refers to the pouring or dripping of drugs on body parts. Usually decoctions of drugs and medicated oils etc are used for this purpose. It plays an important role in diseases where it is required to alter the temperament of an organ, to disperse toxic humors or to strengthen an organ. Nutool is specifically effective as an adjuvant treatment in the management of pains and stiffness of various types like cystitis, mastitis, arthralgia etc and CNS disorders like headache, insomnia, migraine, amnesia, melancholia, vertigo, epilepsy etc. This paper aims to highlight the procedure, types and clinical uses of Nutool therapy in light of classical Unani literature.

Keywords: Nutool, Ilaj bit tadbeer, temperament.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia