EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA AMONG HIV SERO-POSITIVE AND HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS IN PORT-HARCOURT, NIGERIA

Obi-Thomas Jane Nkechi*, Frank-Peterside Nnenna and Agbagwa Obakpororo Ejiro

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to analyse the incidence of Asymptomatic bacteriuria in Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sero-positive and sero-negative individuals and the spectrum of bacterial uropathogens among these 2 populations in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. Both clean-catch, early morning urine and blood specimens were obtained from the HIV-positive individuals attending University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) and Braithwaite’s Memorial Specialist Hospital in Port-Harcourt. Same specimens were equally collected from HIV sero-negative individuals. The urine specimens were semi-quantitatively analyzed by culturing on Cysteine lactose deficient agar and the pure cultures identified by means of API 20E strips. Statistical analyses were carried out using students’ package for science students version 20.0 (USA). Of the 800 urine samples; 400 from each group, bacteriuria was diagnosed in HIV-positive subjects (203/400, 50.75%) and control group (96/400, 24.00%). The highest bacterial isolates from HIV and control groups were Escherichia coli (24.63%, 43.75%) trailed by Klebsiella species (20.69%, 10.42%), Pseudonomas species (16.75%, 22.92%), Proteus species (10.84%, 4.17%), Staphylococcus aureus (2.46%, 16.67%) and Candida albicans (1.97%, 2.08%) respectively. Enterobacter species and Providencia species, Alcaligenes species and Enterococcus faecalis with prevalence rates of 12.81%, 7.88%, 0.99% and 0.99% respectively were isolated only from HIV group. The difference in the levels of the CD4 and haemoglobin is statistically significant (p < 0.05) in the two groups. The study revealed that individuals who are positive for HIV are favorably to asymptomatic bacteriuria. Broader array and more divergent uropathogens were isolated among them than in healthy individuals.

Keywords: HIV, bacteriuria, haemoglobin, infection.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )