A REVIEW ARTICLE ON ANAL CONDYLOMA ACCUMINATUM
Dr. Divyashree P. V.* and Dr. Siddayya Aradhyamath
Human papilloma viruses(HPVs) selectively infect the epithelium of Skin and mucous membranes. These infections may be asymptomatic, produce warts, or be associated with a variety of both benign and malignant neoplasias. The etiologic agent of Condyloma accuminata is the human papilloma virus(HPV) a non enveloped, double strand DNA virus. More than 80 different genotypes of HPV have been identified. Forty five of these are known to affect the genital epithelium and are considered to be sexually transmitted infections. It is roughly estimated that upto 30% to 50% of sexually active adults are infected with HPV. The highest rates of infection are found in women, 19-22 years of age and in men, 22-26 years of age. The infectivity of HPV between sexual partners is estimated to be 60%. Latent HPV infections means the presence of HPV can be confirmed only by the detection of the HPV DNA. Atypical lesions occur in immune-compromized patients such as HIV infected individuals.
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