STUDY OF CARDIAC DYSFUNCTION IN TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS IN A MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL OF NORTHERN INDIA
Dr. Sandhya Shukla* and Dr. G. C. Nayak
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar that results from defects in Insulin secretion or action or both. This present study was designed to study various cardiac dysfunctions in diabetes and associated abnormalities and to find Ventricular dysfunction in patients by help of echocardiography. For this study, 100 diabetic patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus were taken based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All patients were on oral hypoglycemic. The patients were in the age group of 30-80 years. The youngest patient was 30 years old and the eldest was 80 years. There were 72 males and 28 females. Patients of both sexes were included with the intention to study the variation in their cardiac dysfunction if any. Many cardiac Dysfunctions and Associated abnormalities are found in patients with Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. These include IHD, CHF, HTN, Dyslipidemia, various types of arrythmias, systolic or diastolic cardiac dysfunction. This can be detected by routine, clinical examination, X-ray Chest, ECG and Echo Doppler Study. Diastolic Left ventricular Dysfunction is more common than systolic Dysfunction. Incidence of cardiac dysfunction and complications increase with increase in duration of Diabetes.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, oral hypoglycemic, cardiac dysfunction, echocardiography.
[Full Text Article]