DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG INPATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY IN A GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Amrutha Sunny, Dr. Suresha B. S.*, Ajay Gopinath, Anna Sanliya, Steffy Stanly and Dr. Divya Shree N.
Background: Surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of injuries, diseases and other disorders by manual and instrumental means. The present study had been conducted to evaluate the prescribing pattern and common drugs used in the department of surgery. Objective: The purpose of the study was to describe the prescribing pattern among inpatients admitted in the department of surgery in a government teritiary care teaching hospital. Methods and Methodology: The study is a cross sectional study and the research period was about 6 months. A well designed data collection form was used for collecting the details. Results: Out of 200 enrolled patients, majority were male (147,73.50%) and in the age group of 19-59 years (134, 67%). Hernia (40, 20%) was most commonly reported followed by pancreatitis (24, 12%), diabetic foot (22,11%), and appendicitis (20, 10%). Antimicrobials (36.50%), Analgesics (23.70%) and gastroprotectives (20.89%) were the most commonly prescribed drugs. The most extensively prescribed drugs from each of the above groups were Injections Amikacin, Metronidazole, Ceftriaxone and Tramadol. Conclusion: Hernia was the most commonly observed condition in the present study. Male to female ratio was high in this study. Metronidazole as antimicrobial agent, Diclofenac as analgesics, Ranitidine as gastro protective and Ondansetron as antiemetic are most commonly prescribed drug. Use of multiple antibiotics should be avoided whenever possible.
Keywords: Antimicrobial agents, Analgesics, Prescription pattern, Hernia.
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