VITAMIN D STATUS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS
*Dr. Ayesha Juhi
The growing incidence and prevalence of diabetes highlights the need for innovative approaches for the management and prevention of the disease. Vitamin D deficiency can aggravate many diseases and is also linked to predisposition of diabetes and may play a role in the development of diabetes. The main aim of this study is to see the association of vitamin D levels in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. Hypothesis: Diabetes mellitus type 2 patients have decreased levels of vitamin D which could be one contributing factor for the causation of hyperglycemia in them. Material and methods: This is a cross sectional study, conducted on 56 Diabetes mellitus type 2 patients in the age group of 30-70 years. Fasting blood glucose levels were correlated with their serum 25-OH VITAMIN D3 levels. Pearson correlation statistical test was chosen to see the relation between fasting blood glucose levels and serum 25(OH)D3 vitamin D levels. Results: Pearson’s correlation r value obtained was r= -0.585 which shows an inverse relationship between the two variables. P value obtained for correlation was significant at 0.01 levels. Conclusion: By the results obtained in the study, vitamin D levels were deficient than optimal levels among diabetic type 2 patients. These inadequate levels of vitamin D among them could one be the cause for their diseased state. Hence, Vitamin D levels need to be maintained in optimal levels in the diabetic type 2 patients by adding vitamin D supplementation along with their diabetes treatment regime for attaining the euglycemic levels in blood.
Keywords: 25(OH) D3 vitamin D, Fasting blood glucose levels, Diabetes type 2 patients.
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