DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG HAEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL
Swathy Sajeev, Joga Sasidhar*, Anandu Krishnan U., Madan Kumar M. R. and Sinchana K. N.
Prescription pattern monitoring studies are a tool for assessing the prescribing, dispensing and distribution of medicine. Dialysis is an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Haemodialysis is the process of removing waste products and extra fluid which are build up in the blood when the kidneys are not able to function properly, it is the most preferred treatment modality for end stage renal disease. The aim and objective is to study the drug utilization pattern in chronic kidney disease undergoing haemodialysis. This was a cross sectional prospective observational study conducted on CKD patients undergoing haemodialysis, in dialysis unit MIMS Mandya. A total of 100 patients admitted in MIMS were enrolled based on the study criteria. Out of 100 patients 28 were hypertensive, 2 were diabetic, 27 were having both HTN and DM, 14 were having HTN, DM and others, 10 were having DM and others and 19 were having HTN and others. The preferential drugs employed among the patients were CCBs followed by diuretic, betablockers, alpha blockers, ARBs, centrally acting sympatholylics, mixed alpha beta blockers, and ACE-Is. .Most commonly prescribed drugs were calcium channel blockers 24.53%, PPI 11.29%, Haematopoeitic agents 9.13%, Diuretics 9.13%, others 8.60%. No drugs were prescribed by generic names. This study revealed that multi-drug therapy was more preferred than mono-drug therapy.
Keywords: CKD, Drug utilization, Haemodialysis.
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