EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CHARACTERISATION AND ANTIFUNGAL SENSITIVITY OF URINARY CANDIDA ISOLATES AMONG ADULT HIV/AIDS PATIENTS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH CD4 COUNT

Nirmaljit Kaur, Neelmani Raj, Saloni Garg* and Shalini Malhotra

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to characterize and evaluate antifungal resistance in Candida species isolated from urinary tract infections among HIV positive patients and to determine its correlation with CD4 count. Early morning midstream urine samples were collected and screened for candiduria from 635 HIV positive patients attending ICTC and ART centre in our hospital after obtaining written informed consent from the patients. Samples were processed by standard methods for isolation of Candida and Candida was isolated in 30 samples. Speciation was done by a germ tube test, morphology on corn meal agar with tween 80, CHROM agar (Himedia) and carbohydrate assimilation test. The majority of Candida species among the Candida isolates were Candida albicans (40%) followed by Candida tropicalis (30%), Candida krusei (16%), Candida parasilosis (7%) and Candida glabrata (7%). Antifungal susceptibility testing was also done on the isolates for Fluconazole and voriconazole by disc diffusion and E-test method. Fluconazole resistance was found in 10 isolates (more in non-albicans Candida than C. albicans) whereas most isolates were found to be sensitive to voriconazole. This study concludes that Injudicious use of azoles should not be done as it can lead to emergence of resistance and treatment failure.

Keywords: Candiduria; HIV/AIDS; Characterization; Antifungal.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )