DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG INPATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY IN GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL
Miswana Anoop, Dr. Divya Shree N.*, Aloshya P. A., Ayana Ann Sam, Abhijith George, Dr. Suresha B. S.
Background: Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the Anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. The eye and surrounding structure and the visual system can be affected by a number of clinical conditions. Present study has been conducted to evaluate prescribing pattern of ophthalmic drugs. Across sectional study was conducted in the ophthalmology department of Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Mandya, over a period of six months. Data of patients diagnosed as cataract, pterygium, corneal ulcer, allergic conjunctivitis, lacrimal abscessess, DCT, eye excision, swelling of eyelid were included in the study. Objectives: To describe the drugs prescribed to patients admitted in Ophthalmology department of MIMS Teaching Hospital, Mandya. Methods and Methodolgy: The study is a cross sectional study and the research period was about 6 months. The data collection form which was made by Department of Clinical Pharmacy was used for collecting the details. Results: Out of 200 enrolled patients, majority were female (124,62%) and in male (76,38% patients). Cataract (86,43%) was most commonly reported followed by pterygium (40,20%), corneal ulcer (27,13.5%), allergic conjunctivitis (21,10.5%), lacrimal Abscess (10,5%), DCT (9,4.5%), eye excision (5,2.5%) and swelling of eyelid (2,1%). Prescription analysis showed that the maximum number of drugs prescribed were in the form of eye drops, followed by tablets. Among these the antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed drugs. Fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin), Antihistamine (olopatidine), Analgesics (diclofenac) were the most frequently prescribed drugs. Conclusion: Cataract was the most commonly observed ophthalmic disease in the present study, followed by pterygium, corneal ulcer and allergic conjuctivitis. Female to Male ratio was high in this study. Fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin) was the most commonly prescribed drug. Drugs were more commonly prescribed in the form of eye drops. The drugs were prescribed in brand names than that of its generic names.
Keywords: Ophthalmic disease, Cataract, Antibiotic Therapy, Prescription pattern, Pterygium.
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