EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG INPATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY IN GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Miswana Anoop, Dr. Divya Shree N.*, Aloshya P. A., Ayana Ann Sam, Abhijith George, Dr. Suresha B. S.

ABSTRACT

Background: Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the Anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. The eye and surrounding structure and the visual system can be affected by a number of clinical conditions. Present study has been conducted to evaluate prescribing pattern of ophthalmic drugs. Across sectional study was conducted in the ophthalmology department of Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Mandya, over a period of six months. Data of patients diagnosed as cataract, pterygium, corneal ulcer, allergic conjunctivitis, lacrimal abscessess, DCT, eye excision, swelling of eyelid were included in the study. Objectives: To describe the drugs prescribed to patients admitted in Ophthalmology department of MIMS Teaching Hospital, Mandya. Methods and Methodolgy: The study is a cross sectional study and the research period was about 6 months. The data collection form which was made by Department of Clinical Pharmacy was used for collecting the details. Results: Out of 200 enrolled patients, majority were female (124,62%) and in male (76,38% patients). Cataract (86,43%) was most commonly reported followed by pterygium (40,20%), corneal ulcer (27,13.5%), allergic conjunctivitis (21,10.5%), lacrimal Abscess (10,5%), DCT (9,4.5%), eye excision (5,2.5%) and swelling of eyelid (2,1%). Prescription analysis showed that the maximum number of drugs prescribed were in the form of eye drops, followed by tablets. Among these the antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed drugs. Fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin), Antihistamine (olopatidine), Analgesics (diclofenac) were the most frequently prescribed drugs. Conclusion: Cataract was the most commonly observed ophthalmic disease in the present study, followed by pterygium, corneal ulcer and allergic conjuctivitis. Female to Male ratio was high in this study. Fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin) was the most commonly prescribed drug. Drugs were more commonly prescribed in the form of eye drops. The drugs were prescribed in brand names than that of its generic names.

Keywords: Ophthalmic disease, Cataract, Antibiotic Therapy, Prescription pattern, Pterygium.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )