AN OVERVIEW AND APPROACH TOWARDS ADHD AND ITS MANAGEMENT BY AYURVEDA
Vd. Shivkumar S. Martule* and Vd. Deokumar W. Raut
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children which occurs in school age. Prevalence rate of ADHD in India is 5-10%. Causative factor of ADHD are hereditary and environmental factors includes prenatal exposure to maternal smoking, alcohol/drug abuse, psychological stress, maternal mental disorder, paternal criminality, low socioeconomic status. Symptoms of ADHD according to Ayurveda can study under features of vitiation of vata dosha, vitiation of raj and tam dosha, pradnyaparadh which leads to manovibhrama, dheevibhrama, buddhivibhrama, smritivibhrama, chestavibrama which results improper contact of the senses with their objectives and gives hyperactivity, impulsivity, Inattentiveness etc. According to modern science treatment of ADHD is psycho stimulants drugs like amphetamine and some antidepressant drugs but they have some side effect like loss of appetite, anorexia, weight loss etc. Addiction of these drugs is another major issue.
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