COMPARISON OF PREINSUFFLATION INTRAPERITONEAL INSTILLATION VS INTRAPERITONEAL INSTILLATION AT THE TIME OF CLOSURE OF ROPIVACAINE 0.2% IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY
Javid Iqbal*, Khawar Khurshid, Syed Basit, Mutaharra Abeeda and Shafaabeeda
Postoperative pain results in multiple undesirable physiologic and psychological outcomes, and it should be managed in a multimodal approach.1 Postoperative pain management remains a major challenge after laparoscopic procedures. Effective pain control encourages early ambulation, which significantly reduces the risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary emboli (PE); enhances patient‟s ability to take deep breaths to decrease the risk of pulmonary complications (e.g., atelectasis and pneumonia); and decreases the incidence of tachycardia and unnecessary investigations related to it.
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