AN UPDATE OF DENGUE FEVER: ITS CLINICAL FEATURES, CAUSES, TREATMENT AND GLOBAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
Kinza Qaisar, Iqra Maqsood and Sikander Ali*
Dengue is a typical tropics disease that is caused by pathogen and can be fatal. Vector of this disease is Aedes mosquito. Outbreaks of dengue causes loss of many lives. This review would give you an insight of the causes, transmission, symptoms, major organs affected, diagnosis, prevention, epidemiology and treatment of this disease. Dengue fever is a mild disease with less harsh symptoms but in a few cases, it can be life-threatening also, resulting in dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which has severe symptoms and is difficult to treat. Dengue can be endemic as it has the potential to spread. Change in climate and temperature, globalization, increase in population growth and urbanization play a key role in spreading of dengue virus all over the world. There is no proper vaccine for dengue fever but preventive measures should be taken. The most effective approach to stop the spreading of this disease is Mosquito control. Many approaches have been used to eradicate Aedes mosquito such as use of copepods, that is a kind of fish, that feed on larvae of this mosquito and helps to control this disease.
Keywords: Aedes mosquito, Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), Epidemiology, Mosquito control.
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