EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PRE-CONSULTATION USE OF ANTIBIOTICS FOR THE TREATMENT OF COMMON AILMENTS BY MOTHERS/CAREGIVERS OF UNDER-FIVE IN ILE LFE OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

Samson Ayo Deji* and Tolulope Damilola Oyeniran

ABSTRACT

The use antibiotics by mothers without prescription by a doctor are of concern in developing countries because of the inherent danger. The study assessed the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pre-consultation use of antibiotics by mothers/caregivers of under five children in Ile Ife, Nigeria. This study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey. Four hundred and fifty mothers/caregivers of children aged 0-5 years in Ife Central Local Government Area were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling technique. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data on the socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practice concerning the pre-consultation use of antibiotics. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. The result showed that 62.9% of mothers were between ages 20-29 years, 423 (94%) were married while 415 (92.2%) had at least secondary education. Three hundred and forty-five (76.7%) of the index children were between the ages of 12 and 59 months. About 265 (58.9%) of mothers/caregivers had poor knowledge about the use of antibiotics, while 283 (62.9%) had good attitudes towards antibiotics usage. Only 177 (39.3%) respondents correctly named an antibiotic. Most frequently named antibiotic was co-trimoxazole (septrin) by 71.8% of the mothers. Pre-consultation use of antibiotics was significantly (p<0.05) associated with mothers’ education, occupation and child’sage. The study concluded that the mother/caregiver in the study had a poor knowledge about antibiotics.

Keywords: Mothers/Caregivers, pre-consultation, antibiotics, children.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )