EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE AND PATTERN OF SYMPTOMATIC OSTEOARTHRITIS AMONG LOCAL FARMERS OF PANYAM PLATEAU CENTRAL, NIGERIA

*Dr. Affi Ayuba, Dr. Jonathan Nyonkeys, Longkyen Bitrus, Mangs Benedict, Olaniru Olumide and Fiyaktu B. Yakubu

ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the prevalence and pattern of it affectation of OA in local farmers. Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease causing physical disability to low productivity. The farmers completely depends on farming as means of life and so any hindrance such as OA should not be condoned. Common risk factors of OA include increasing age, obesity, previous joint injury, over use of the joint or weak thigh muscles and genetics. Osteoarthritis symptoms usually develop gradually; at first there may be soreness or stiffness. The pain and stiffness of more severe osteoarthritis may make it difficult to walk, climb stairs or perform other daily tasks. Depending on which joint is affect. Materials and Method: A cross sectional prospective study of 132 (81 intervensives and 51 control) Panyam rural farmers with age range between 40-90 years. After exclusive criteria, biodemographic data and arthrometric parameters pressure were taken. Results: The prevalence of OA among the rural farmers was 61.4%. The peak age group of OA 51-60years (29.5%). The prevalence of OA in males (14.8%) and in females (85.2%). The cervical (neck) 37% was the joint most affected. Conclusion: This study revealed a very high prevalence of osteoarthritis among these farmers probably due to their occupation, heavy consumption of locally brewed alcohol and age. The pain of osteoarthritis has drastically reduced their work output and this can hamper harvest. As an intervention study, comprehensive health education was given and drugs such as allupurinol and moduretics were provided to the PHC. There are many clinical factors that contribute to the risks and progression of osteoarthritis including obesity, trauma, age and female sex. This study helps in combating this menace.

Keywords: OA - Osteoarthritis BMI - Body Mass Index SBP - Systolic Blood Pressure DBP - Diastolic Blood Pressure.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )