PREVALENCE AND PATTERN OF SYMPTOMATIC OSTEOARTHRITIS AMONG LOCAL FARMERS OF PANYAM PLATEAU CENTRAL, NIGERIA
*Dr. Affi Ayuba, Dr. Jonathan Nyonkeys, Longkyen Bitrus, Mangs Benedict, Olaniru Olumide and Fiyaktu B. Yakubu
Aim: To determine the prevalence and pattern of it affectation of OA in local farmers. Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease causing physical disability to low productivity. The farmers completely depends on farming as means of life and so any hindrance such as OA should not be condoned. Common risk factors of OA include increasing age, obesity, previous joint injury, over use of the joint or weak thigh muscles and genetics. Osteoarthritis symptoms usually develop gradually; at first there may be soreness or stiffness. The pain and stiffness of more severe osteoarthritis may make it difficult to walk, climb stairs or perform other daily tasks. Depending on which joint is affect. Materials and Method: A cross sectional prospective study of 132 (81 intervensives and 51 control) Panyam rural farmers with age range between 40-90 years. After exclusive criteria, biodemographic data and arthrometric parameters pressure were taken. Results: The prevalence of OA among the rural farmers was 61.4%. The peak age group of OA 51-60years (29.5%). The prevalence of OA in males (14.8%) and in females (85.2%). The cervical (neck) 37% was the joint most affected. Conclusion: This study revealed a very high prevalence of osteoarthritis among these farmers probably due to their occupation, heavy consumption of locally brewed alcohol and age. The pain of osteoarthritis has drastically reduced their work output and this can hamper harvest. As an intervention study, comprehensive health education was given and drugs such as allupurinol and moduretics were provided to the PHC. There are many clinical factors that contribute to the risks and progression of osteoarthritis including obesity, trauma, age and female sex. This study helps in combating this menace.
Keywords: OA - Osteoarthritis BMI - Body Mass Index SBP - Systolic Blood Pressure DBP - Diastolic Blood Pressure.
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