EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

A REVIEW ON JARA- AVASTHA AND GERIATRIC CHANGES IN CHAKSHURENDRIYA (EYES)

Dr. S.D. Rokade, Dr. Jyoti Shukla*, Dr. S.K. Muley

ABSTRACT

Aging is a complex phenomenon, a sum total of changes that occur in a living organism with the passage of time and lead to decreasing ability to survive, stress, increasing functional impairment and growing probability of death. An important concept not widely appreciated is the distinction that must be made between the normal attrition of function occurring in all persons with advancing age and the loss of function that marks the onset of pathological changes from one or more of the disease encountered with increased prevalence in the older age group. Failure to recognize this difference can lead to progressive disability from treatable diseases in many cases. The specific physical, physiological and psychological changes in relation to ageing process have been described in ayurvedic literature. In Sushruta samhita several physical and mental symptoms have been described as a consequence of ageing process. It includes Dhatu- kshaya (degeneration of tissues), Indriya- kshaya (deterioration of sense organs), Bala- kshaya (loss of physical strength and body immunity), virya- kshaya (decreased sexual power), utsaha- kshaya (loss of motivation), vali (wrinkles), palitya (graying of hair), khalitya (baldness), kasa and swasa (cold, cough and asthama) and klishta (inability to perform mental and physical work). Acharya Vagbhatta and Sharangdhara have described the characteristic feature of decade wise changes both in psychic and somatic changes brought about by ageing process. All ayurvedic texts had told about eleven indriyas in which five are gyanendriya, five are karmendriya and the last one is ubhayendriya mana. This paper will focus a light on changes on chakshurendriya(eyes) according to age as per ayurveda and modern texts.

Keywords: Jara, Indriyas, Gyanendriyas, Karmendriyas, Ubhayendriya, Indriya- kshaya, Chakshurendriya.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )