EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF MALARIA, TYPHOID AND THEIR CO-INFECTION AMONG FEBRILE SUBJECTS IN PORT HARCOURT, RIVERS STATE NIGERIA

*Abah A. E. and Fanson P. I.

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of malaria and typhoid fever among febrile subjects in Port Harcourt. A venous blood sample of 5 ml was collected in an EDTA bottle in accordance with routine clinical practice for all patients referred for laboratory investigation of malaria/typhoid infection from three hospitals in Port Harcourt. Malaria parasites and typhoid infections were determined using examination of blood slides for malaria parasites and serological test for typhoid infection. Infection rate of malaria was determined to be 278 (55.6%) out of 500 patients in Port Harcourt hospitals, 148 (60.7%) males out of 244 were infected and 130 (51.2%) out of 256 females were infected respectively. Malaria infection affected more males than females, although there was no significant difference between both sexes, (p>0.05). Typhoid fever affected 200 (40%) persons, more female subjects 110 (43%) than the male 90 (37%) were infected. The results showed that chi-sq=9.592. df=5, p-value=0.088 (p>5%). Thus male age group is not significant to the prevalence of malaria infection. Also, female age group is not significant to the prevalence of malaria infection since chi-sq=10.702. df=5, p-value=0.058 (p>5%). However, male and female age groups are significant to the prevalence of malaria infection at 10% significant level. Further results showed that chi-sq=36.081. df=6, p-value=0.000 (p<5%), hence, male age group is significant to positive widal test infection. Also, female age group is significant to positive widal test infection since chi-sq=36.062. df=6, p-value=0.000 (p<5%). More so, male and female age groups are significant to positive widal test infection at 1% significant level. Co-infection of malaria with tyhoid using widal test was 23.0% with more females 28.1% against 17.6% males. The co-infection frequency was higher among the age group 41-60 years and lower among the age range 1-10 years. In conclusion, Malaria, Typhoid fever and their co-infection is high in the Port Harcourt. There is a need to increase awareness campaign about clean environment, hand washing habits and all other steps that would drastically reduce the preponderance of these infections in the study area.

Keywords: Malaria; Typhoid; Co-infection; febrile; Rivers State.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )