EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACTS OF CARICA PAPAYA AND NEWBOULDIA LAEVIS ON KIDNEY ENZYMES OF ALLOXAN-INDUCED DIABETIC WISTAR RATS.

*Ifegwu N. O. and Anibeze C. I. P.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the ethanolic leaf extracts of C. papaya and N. laevis on kidney enzymes of alloxan-induced Wistar rats. Methodology: Forty male Wistar rats weighing between 160g – 200g were randomly assigned to eight Groups A - H of 5 rats each. Group A served as the control group and was not induced with diabetes, while Groups B – H were induced. Groups A and B received distilled water only, while Groups C - H received 200mg/kg of C. papaya, 400mg/kg of C. papaya, 200mg/kg of N. laevis, 400mg/kg of N. laevis, 200mg/kg of C. papaya + 200mg/kg of N. laevis and 400mg/kg of C. papaya + 400mg/kg of N. laevis respectively for 28 days. On day 29 of the experiment, the final weights of the animals were determined and they were sacrificed; blood samples were collected from each of the animals for serum analysis. Results: There were significant (P˂0.05) increase in serum levels of urea and creatinine of the animals in group B when compared with the control group. These effects were ameliorated in Groups C - H which received the variable doses of the ethanolic leaf extracts with more positive effects on the Groups that received the combined ethanolic leaf extracts. Conclusion: This study has revealed that ethanolic leaf extracts of C. papaya and N. laevis have ameliorative effects on the body weight and serum levels of urea and creatinine on alloxan-induced Wistar rats.

Keywords: Carica. papaya, Newbouldia laevis, Diabetes Mellitus, kidney enzymes.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )