CONTRIBUTION STUDY TO THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE VOLATILE OIL IN PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS, AN AROMATIC PLANT WIDELY SPREAD IN DAMASCUS-SYRIA
Mhd. Isam Hasan Agha* and Basel Badawe
Many medicinal plants are present in Damascus, which are widely used in traditional medicine, and in the food industry as flavor and preservative. The aim of this Study focused on the volatile oil in this Plant, Pelargonium graveolens L Plant materials were collected from several origin of the city Damascus and, classified and the volatile oil is extracted. The structure of the chemical components of the extracted volatile oil was studied using GC (two-dimensional gas chromatography and Simple gas chromatography). The main chemical components of the volatile oil identified using a quantitative analysis of two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometer quadric pole, and the ratio of each chemical components is determined using GC-FID. The main ingredients of the Volatile oil were Citronellol, Geraniol, and Linalool.
Keywords: Pelargonium graveolens aromatic plant, volatile oil, chemical composition, gas chromatography.
[Full Text Article]