AYURVEDIC VIEW ON RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA
Dr. A. B. Deshmukh and Dr. Neeta Pirajirao Bhosle*
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) denotes a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders in which there is progressive loss of photoreceptor and pigment epithelial function. It appears in the childhood and progresses resulting in the blindness in advanced middle age. Even with all advancement and inventions in the field of ophthalmology complete curative treatment is not yet possible. In Ayurveda, conditions like Kaphavidagdha drushti, Dhumadarshi, Nakulandhya and Hruswjadya can be stimulated to different stages of RP. In Kaphavidagdha drushti the patient will be able to visualize in a better way because of Kaphalpata, when Doshas affect all three Patalas. In case of Dhumadarshi aggrevated Pitta causes Dushti of Drushti, where patient will get a smoky view of all objects. In case of Nakulandhyata, because of Tridosha Sanchaya in Drushti, it resembles Drushti of Nakula and there is visualization of objects in abnormal colours during day time. In Hraswajadya, in day time patient can visualize things with great difficulty and visualizing all objects smaller than their normal size. Based on Rogi and Roga Bala Pramana, Nasya, Seka, Anjana, Aalepa, Putpaka, Tarpana, Basti, Shirobasti, Ghritpana helps in improving the vision and extent of peripheral vision and acts as a prophylactic in arresting or delaying the progression of disease. The chemical constituents and other phytonutrients of the drugs used to treat this condition and systematic procedure of certain therapies has the ability to cross the retinal barriers and there by giving good result in treating RP.
Keywords: Retinitis Pigmentosa, Kaphavidagdha Drushti, Dhumadarshi, Nakulandhya, Hraswajadya.
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