A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF IMPLANTS STABILITY IN FRESHLY EXTRACTED SOCKETS VERSUS HEALED ALVEOLAR BONE: AN IN-VIVO STUDY
Dr. Raj Kr. Sha*, Dr. Rahul Bhayana, Dr. Deepesh Saxena, Dr. Mayur Kaushik and Dr. Prajesh Dubey
Aim: To evaluate and compare the clinical outcome of single or multiple implant(s) which underwent placement in fresh sockets versus in the healed alveolar bone pertaining to the clinical site at different time intervals. Materials and method: The prospective study was conducted in Department of Prosthodontics & Crown and Bridge among 30 clinical cases requiring a single or multiple implants irrespective of gender. These patients were then, divided into two groups i.e. Group 1 and Group 2. In Group 1, 15 implants were placed in fresh sockets following standard two-stage procedure of implant placement. In Group 2, 15 implants were placed at healed alveolar bone following the same standard protocol. Evaluation and comparison of the implant stabilty was done using Insertion torque value (ITV) at baseline during placement. The effect on implant stability from baseline to 90 days and 180 days was done using Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ) by means of Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA). The statistical tests used to compare for intergroup comparison was One-way ANOVA test and unpaired t-test while for intragroup comparison was Paired t-test. Results: One way Anova (F) test shows a statistically significant difference for Group 1 and 2 at different time intervals when compared for the RFA stability scores (p<0.05). A significant difference was present in RFA scores at different time intervals as well as in Insertion Torque Values (ITV) between fresh socket & healed alveolar bone. Conclusion: This study showed that Bioline Dental Implants could be effectively used for most of the patient situations encountered clinically ie. single or multiple tooth replacement in fresh sockets as well as healed alveolar bone.
Keywords: Implant, Alveolar bone, RFA, Tooth replacement.
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