FREQUENCY AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION CAUSING ORGANISMS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS
Pradeep Kumar Mishra, Sudhir Singh* and Umar Farooq
Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are defined as the spectrum of disease caused by invasion of microorganisms to the genitourinary tract. In worldwide dimension diabetes is major problem. The assessment of risk of infection and resulting complications are influenced by duration of illness, severity of non-infectious complications, concurrent illness, adequacy of blood glucose control and degree of medical supervision. Aim: To isolate and identify the microorganism from the urine sample of diabetic patients and find out the frequency and antibiogram of isolated microorganism. Material and Methods: A total 250 urine samples were collected from diabetic patients attending TMU hospital. Direct microscopy, semi quantitative culture method and antibiotic sensitivity testing was done as per standard guidelines. Result: In this study the results revealed that the frequency of UTI is 128 (51.2%) among 250 diabetic patients. E.coli was most frequent 69(53.90%) organism isolated, followed by E.faecalis 20 (15.62%), Klebsiella Spp; 14 (10.93%) S. aureus 12(9.37%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa; 6(4.68) Citrobacter Spp; 4(3.12%), Acinetobacter Spp; 2(1.56%), and Proteus 1(0.78%). Conclusion: UTI frequently occurs in diabetic patients due to an impaired immune status and increased glucose content of the urine. This makes UTI very important to investigate. The proper management of UTI in diabetics is crucial and requires prompt diagnosis and correct use of antibiotics.
Keywords: UTI, Diabetes, E.coli.
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