IMPACT OF NICOTINE ON HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND ITS COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON ACTIVE AND PASSIVE SMOKERS
Khan Uzma Aftab* and Maha Al Shammari
The worldwide smoking is becoming alarming day to day with the fast intake of nicotine. This study aimed to assess and compare the impact of nicotine on the blood components on both smokers and non smokers. Data was obtained on 20 male members. Smoker (n=10) and non smokers (n=10) aged between 20 to 50 years. From the results it can be depicted that the 60% of the smokers have high concentration of WBC as compare to non smokers since WBC is the biomarker for endothelial damage and cardiovascular disease hence they are more prone to these damage and the associated problems. 80% of smokers have high value for RBC and hemoglobin and can be associated with a greater risk for developing atherosclerosis, in comparison to non smoker. Number of platelets was found higher by 50% among the smoker as compare to the non smoker. Increase concentration of nicotine is directly proportional to number of platelets, most likely causing thrombocytosis.
Keywords: Cigarette smoking, hematological parameters, atherosclerosis, Nicotine thrombocytosis.
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