( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Michael Burgio*


I developed this surgical procedure during the time I had the privilege of working with Dr. Michael DeBakey. My concern in using paddles to restart the heart had the potential of significant problems postop. As an example, when the panels are placed into the chest cavity one lies directly over the left descending artery. Which supplies one-third of the blood to the heart. Any inflammation of the artery has the potential of creating an additional cardiac event. In developing this procedure, I made every effort to simplify the procedure. There only three parts, a catheter coated with silicone, a standard surgical needle, and a cardiac pacemaker analyzer. In addition to the potential inflammation, when the panels are inserted in the chest cavity the heart is stimulated to a rate of something close to 72 bpm. The difficulty is in most cases the chambers have a minimal amount of blood. Creating a distinct possibility of damaging the internal walls. Using this procedure, we are able to start the heart beating at a rate as low as 5 bpm. and increase the rate in direct proportion to the blood flow from the heart-lung machine. As the blood is filling the chambers the rate is increased proportionately. Reducing the possibility of damage to the internal walls of all four chambers. In addition, this method can independently control, the amplitude, the pulse width, the AV' delay, and the rate. Prior to this surgical procedure many patients were denied open-heart surgery. They were too sick, and a successful outcome was in question. Open-heart surgeries is now available to the sickest of the sick, the elderly, and the patients with so many complications due to years of a lack of quality healthcare. Once the surgical procedure is completed and the chest cavity is closed the catheters are left in myocardial tissue, to be utilized when the patient arrives in ICU, Surgical ICU. In the critical care unit, the catheters are connected to an external pacemaker attached to the patient. Because the catheters are within the myocardium there can be no loss of capture or stimulation. This allows a number of options if the patient goes into distress. Some of the variables within the external pacemaker, the AV-RV pathway through the bundle of His can be extended or shortened to control Wolff Parkinson's White Syndrome, Ventricular Tachycardia, Atrial Tachycardia, Supraventricular Tachycardia, a Cardiac Pause, an Internal EKG, an Internal Defibrillator. If the patient codes the external pacemaker and the catheters could be program as a Dual Chamber (AV) Fixed Rate Pacemaker, providing total control and reducing the possibility of losing the patient. If the patient once again goes into a cardiac arrest, the external pacemaker parameters can be adjusted to increase the Amplitude, Rate, and Pulse Width and returning to a normal sinus rhythm. Additional cardiac events, Heart Failure, Irregular Rhythm, Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVC's) Atrioventricular Block, Bundle Branch Block. This is a small sample of the benefits.

Keywords: Open Heart Surgery, Atrioventricular.

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  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 June 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    JUNE 2024 issue has been successfully launched on JUNE 2024.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia